Publications

A gateway to field reports and other publications by the Bethsaida Excavations Project as well as related work by scholars associated with the Bethsaida Excavations Project. The items listed here include historical works that predate the Bethsaida Excavations Project, as well as publications by scholars who are critical of our conclusions.

Bethsaida: A City on the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee

Arav, Rami, and Richard A. Freund, eds. Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee. 4 vols. Kirksville, MO: Thomas Jefferson University Press, 1995-2009.

vol. 1 – 1995 [Contents]
vol. 2 – 1999 [Contents]
vol. 3 – 2004 [Contents]
vol. 4 – 2009 [Contents]
vol. 5 – in preparation


Field Reports

2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010
2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003


Coin Reports & Numismatic Studies

Jenks, Gregory C. “A Roman Coin from Bethsaida (Et-Tell).” In A Life in Parables and Poetry: Pedagogue, Poet, Scholar. Essays in Honor of Mishael Maswari Caspi, edited by John T. Greene, 2013.

“‘We Three Kings’: Glimpses of the Herodian Succession in the Coins of Archelaus, Antipas, and Philip.” Biblical Characters in the Three Traditions Seminar, SBL International Meeting, St Andrews, Scotland, 7–11 July 2013.

Jenks, Gregory C. “More Than Just Couch Change: Bethsaida Coin Report 2001-2012.” In Bethsaida in Archaeology, History, and Ancient Culture. A Festschrift in Honor of John T. Greene, edited by J. Harold Ellens, 152-87. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

Jenks, Gregory C. “2013 Bethsaida Coin Report.” Consortium for the Bethsaida Excavations Project, 2014.

Jenks, Gregory C. “Bethsaida Coin Report: 2014.” Consortium for the Bethsaida Excavations Project, 2015.

Jenks, Gregory C. “Medieval Islamic Coins from Bethsaida.” In Biblical Characters in the Three Traditions, SBL International Conference. Buenos Aires, 2015.

Kindler, Arie. “The Coins of the Tetrarch Philip and Bethsaida.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, II.245-49. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University Press, 1999.

Kindler, Arie. “Coin Finds at Bethsaida Excavations.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, II.250-68. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University Press, 1999.

Kindler, Arie. “Bethsaida Numismatic Survey: Seasons of 1997 through 2000.” Chap. 12 In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, IV.252-66. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University Press, 2009.

Lewis, Peter E. “More Coins from Bethsaida.” Australasian Coin and Banknote Magazine 18, no. 3 (2015): 62-66.

Meier, Cecilia. “Appendix to Chapter 1: Breakdown of Coins by Period (until 1993 Season).” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, I.53-63. Kirksville, MO: Thomas Jefferson University Press, 1995.

Strickert, Frederick M. “The Coins of Philip.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, I.165-89. Kirksville, MO: Thomas Jefferson University Press, 1995.

Strickert, Frederick M. “The First Woman to Be Portrayed on a Jewish Coin: Julia Sebaste.” Journal for the Study of Judaism 33, no. 1 (2002): 65-91.


Monographs and Edited Collections

Arav, Rami, and John J Rousseau. Jesus and his world: an archeological and cultural dictionary. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 1995.

Bernett, Monika & Othmar Keel. Mond, Stier und Kult am Stadttor, Die Stele con Bethsaida (et-Tell) (Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 161), Friburg: Goettingen, 1998.

Bernett, Monika. Kaiserkult in Judea. Tübingen: Mohr Soebeck, 2007.

Ellens, J. Harold, ed. Bethsaida in Archaeology, History and Ancient Culture. A Festschrift in Honor of John T. Greene. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014. [TOC]

Freund, Richard A. Digging through the Bible: understanding biblical people, places, and controversies through archaeology. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield, 2009.

Jenks, Gregory C. Jesus Then and Jesus Now: Looking for Jesus, Finding Ourselves. Melbourne: Morning Star Publishing, 2014.

Savage, Carl E. Biblical Bethsaida: An Archaeological Study of the First Century.  Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2011.

Skupinska –Løvset, Ilona. The Temple Area of Bethsaida. Lodz: University Press, 2006.

Strickert, Frederick M. Philip’s city: From Bethsaida to Julias. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Pr, 2010.

Strickert, Frederick M. Bethsaida: The home of the Apostles. Collegeville, MN: Michael Glazier, 2011


Habilitationsschriften

Bernett, Monika. Der Kaiserkult als Teil der Politischen Geschichte Iudeas unter der Herodianern und Roemern, Habilitationsschrift, University of Munich, 2001.


Ph.D. Dissertations

Haettner Blomquist, Tina. Gates and Gods, Cults in the City Gates of Iron Age Palestine, an Investigation of the Archaeological and Biblical Sources. Lund University, 1999, published in Stockholm 1999.

Runesson, A. The Origins of the Synagogue: A Socio-Historical Study. Lund 2001, published in Stockholm 2001.

Fortner, Sandra. Die hellenistische und roemische Keramik und Kleinfunde der Ausgrabungen von Bethsaida-Iulias am See Gennesareth/Israel, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Munich 2005.

Fisher, Toni. Zooarchaeology of Bethsaida. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Knoxville, TN 2006.

Szkolut, P. The Eagle in Jewish Art, Ph.D. in the University of Lodz Poland, 2005

Crow, T. A History of Geshur (tentative title). Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Liverpool England, forthcoming.

Savage, C. Biblical Bethsaida, An Archaeological Study of the First Century, Ph.D. Dissertation, Drew University, 2007.

Buchnik, R. Meat Consumption in Late Second Temple Period. Ph.D. Dissertation, Haifa University, 2011.


Master Theses

Geyer, Patrick S. Bethsaida/Julias and the Politics, Religion and Economics of Roman Syro-Palestine (4 BCE – 33/34 CE). Arizona State University, 1999.

Banker, Laura. Sedimentologic and Pleogeomorphologic Characters of the Western Bethsaida Plain, Israel. University of Nebraska at Omaha, 2000.

Shachar, I. The Late Coinage of Alexander Jannaeus and its Historical Implications. Tel Aviv University 2002.


Other Publications

Albright, W. F. “Among the Canaanite mounds of Eastern Galilee.” BASOR 29 (1928): 1-8.

Amitai-Preiss, Reuven. “A Note on a ‘MamlūK’ Drum from Bethsaida.” Israel Exploration Journal 47, no. 1/2 (1997): 113-16.

Andersen, Ole. “Bethsajda.” Tel, 2 Juni 1997 (Copenhagen, Denmark).

Appold, Mark L. “The mighty works of Bethsaida: witness of the New Testament and related traditions.” In Bethsaida: a city by the north shore of the Sea of Galilee, I.229-242. Kirksville, Mo: Thomas Jefferson Univ Pr, 1995.

Appold, Mark L. “Bethsaida and a First-Century House Church?” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, II.373-396. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 1999.

Appold, Mark L. “Peter in Profile: From Bethsaida to Rome.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, III.133-148. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2004.

Appold, Mark L. “Philip of Bethsaida.” Chap. 11 In Bethsaida in Archaeology, History and Ancient Culture. A Festschrift in Honor of John T. Greene, edited by J. Harold Ellens, 215-31. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

Arav, Rami. “A Mamluk Drum from Bethsaida.” Israel Exploration Journal 43, no. 3 (1993): 241-45.

Arav, Rami. “Bethsaida excavations: preliminary report, 1987-1993.” In Bethsaida: a city by the north shore of the Sea of Galilee, I.3-63. Kirksville, Mo: Thomas Jefferson Univ Pr, 1995.

Arav, Rami. “Bethsaida, Tzer, and the fortified cities of Naphtali.” In Bethsaida: a city by the north shore of the Sea of Galilee, I.193-201. Kirksville, Mo: Thomas Jefferson Univ Pr, 1995.

Arav, Rami. “Bethsaida 1996-1998.” Israel Exploration Journal 49, no. 1-2 (1999): 128-136.

Arav, Rami. “Bethsaida Excavations: Preliminary Report, 1994–1996.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, II.3-115. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 1999.

Arav, Rami. “New Testament archaeology and the case of Bethsaida.” In Ende der Tage und die Gegenwart des Heils: Begegnungen mit dem Neuen Testament und seiner Umwelt: Festschrift für Heinz-Wolfgang Kuhn zum 65 Geburtstag, 75-99. Leiden: E J Brill, 1999.

Arav, Rami. “Bethsaida, 2000.” Israel Exploration Journal 51, no. 2 (2001): 239-246.

Arav, Rami. “Towards a Comprehensive History of Geshur.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, III.1-48. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2004.

Arav, Rami. “Bethsaida, 2003.” Israel Exploration Journal 55, no. 1 (2005): 101-106.

Arav, Rami. “Bethsaida.” In Jesus and archaeology, 145-166. Grand Rapids: William B Eerdmans, 2006.

Arav, Rami. “The fortified city of Bethsaida: the case of an Iron Age capital city.” In Cities through the looking glass: essays on the history and archaeology of Biblical urbanism, 83-115. Winona Lake, Ind: Eisenbrauns, 2008.

Arav, Rami. “Final Report on Area A, Stratum V: The City Gate.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, IV.1-122. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2009.

Arav, Rami. “Bethsaida: A Response to Steven Notley.” Near Eastern Archaeology 74, no. 2 (2011): 92-100.

Arav, Rami. “A response to Notley’s reply.” Near Eastern Archaeology 74, no. 2 (June 2011): 103-104.

Arav, Rami. “A Chronicle of the Inevitable Destruction: Stages in the Conquest and Destruction of Bethsaida by Tiglath Pileser III.” Chap. 1 In Bethsaida in Archaeology, History and Ancient Culture. A Festschrift in Honor of John T. Greene, edited by J. Harold Ellens, 2-25. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

Arav, Rami. “The Fortified Cities of the ṢIddim (Josh 19:35) Again: Rejoinder to N. Na’aman.” Biblische Notizen 166 (2015): 3-9.

Arav, Rami, and Monika Bernett. “An Egyptian Figurine of Pataikos at Bethsaida.” Israel Exploration Journal 47, no. 3-4 (1997): 198–213.

Arav, Rami, and Monika Bernett. “The bīt ḫilāni at Bethsaida: its place in Aramaean/Neo-Hittite and Israelite palace architecture in the Iron Age II.” Israel Exploration Journal 50, no. 1-2 (2000): 47-81.

Arav, Rami, and Elisabetta Boaretto. “Notes on Carbon-14 Dating: Purpose and Results.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, IV.200-203. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2009.

Arav, Rami, and Carl E. Savage. “A Rare Aureus of Antoninus Pius at Bethsaida.” Israel Numismatic Research 6 (2011): 135-38.

Arav, Rami, and Carl E. Savage. “Political Propaganda in Gold. A Rare Aureus of Antonius Pius at Bethsaida.” In Macht Des Geldes – Macht Der Bilder, Abhandlungen Des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins, edited by Anne Lykke. ADPV 42. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2013.

Arav, Rami, and Carl E. Savage. “Bethsaida.” In Galilee in the Late Second Temple and Mishnaic Periods: 2. The Archaeological Record from Cities, Towns and Villages, edited by David A. Fiensy and James Riley Strange, 258-79. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2015.

Arav, Rami, Richard A Freund, and John F Shroder. “Bethsaida Rediscovered: Long-Lost City Found North of Galilee Shore.” Biblical Archaeology Review 26, no. 1 (January 2000): 44.

Arav, Rami, and John J. Rousseau. “Bethsaïde, ville perdue et retrouvée.” Revue Biblique 100, no. 3 (July 1993): 415-428.

Ariel, Donald T. “Stamped Amphora Handles from Bethsaida.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, IV.267-292. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2009.

Avalos, Hector. “Bethsaida in Light of the Study of Ancient Health Care.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, III.213-232. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2004.

Banker, Laura, John F. Shroder Jr., and Moshe Inbar. “Sedimentologic and Paleogeomorphologic Character of the Bethsaida (Beteiha) Plain of the Sea of Galilee.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, IV.310-326. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2009.

Bernett, Monika. “Zur Politischen Zeitrechnung des Koenigs Agrippa II.” In: Saxa Loquentur Studein zur Archaeologie Palestinas/Israels, Festschrift fuer Volkmar Fritz. Muenster, 2003.

Brandl, Baruch. “An Israelite bulla in Phoenician style from Bethsaida (et-Tell).” In Bethsaida: a city by the north shore of the Sea of Galilee, I.141-164. Kirksville, Mo: Thomas Jefferson Univ Pr, 1995.

Brandl, Baruch. “Two First-Millennium Cylinder Seals from Bethsaida (et-Tell).” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, II.225-244. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 1999.

Brandl, Baruch. “An Israelite Administrative Jar Handle Impression from Bethsaida (et-Tell).” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, IV.136-146. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2009.

Copp, Clemens. “Bethsaida and El Minya.” Dominican Studies 3 (1950): 10-40.

Dalman, G. H. Sacred Sites and Ways. London: Macmillan, 1935.

Fisher [Tessaro], Toni. “Hellenistic and Roman ceramic cooking ware from Bethsaida.” In Bethsaida: a city by the north shore of the Sea of Galilee, I.127-139. Kirksville, Mo: Thomas Jefferson Univ Pr, 1995.

Fisher, Toni. “Caprid Tooth Analysis.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, IV.172-179. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2009.

Fisher, Toni. “Faunal Analysis: Zooarchaeology in Syro-Palestinian/Israeli Archaeology.” Chap. 5 In Bethsaida in Archaeology, History and Ancient Culture. A Festschrift in Honor of John T. Greene, edited by J. Harold Ellens, 84-121. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

Fortner, Sandra. “Hellenistic and Roman fineware from Bethsaida.” In Bethsaida: a city by the north shore of the Sea of Galilee, I.99-126. Kirksville, Mo: Thomas Jefferson Univ Pr, 1995.

Fortna, Sandra. “The Fishing Implements and Maritime Activities of Bethsaida-Julias (et-Tell).” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, II.269-279. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 1999.

Fortner, Sandra. “Tiberias” In: Fussbeck, Fortner, Rottloff, Zangenberg, (ed), Leben Am See Genesert. Philip von Zabern Verlag, 2003.

Fortner, Sandra. “Persian Period Mortaria at Bethsaida-Julias.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, IV.147-171. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2009.

Freund, Richard A. “The search for Bethsaida in Rabbinic literature.” In Bethsaida: a city by the north shore of the Sea of Galilee, I.267-311. Kirksville, Mo: Thomas Jefferson Univ Pr, 1995.

Freund, Richard A. “The Incense Shovel of Bethsaida and Synagogue Iconography in Late Antiquity.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, II.413-459. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 1999.

Freund, Richard A. “Ereimos: Was Bethsaida a ‘Lonely Place’ in the First Century CE?” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, III.183-212. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2004.

Freund, Richard A. “The Tannery of Bethsaida?” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, III.233-252. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2004.

Freund, Richard A. “The Two Bethsaidas.” Chap. 2 In Bethsaida in Archaeology, History and Ancient Culture. A Festschrift in Honor of John T. Greene, edited by J. Harold Ellens, 26-46. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

Gale, Aaron M. “‘God, Galilee, and the gospels revisited: Was Matthew written from Bethsaida?’.” Proceedings (Grand Rapids, Mich.) 28, (2008 2008): 15-24.

Geyer, Patrick S. “Evidence of Flax Cultivation from the Temple–Granary Complex et-Tell (Bethsaida/Julias).” Israel Exploration Journal vol. 51 no. 2 (2001).

Geyer, Patrick S. with contributions by Thomas Larson, Christine Cyr, and Atheina Mansour. “Pollen Analysis at et-Tell, 1996–2006: Laboratory Report on the Iron Age Gate.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, IV.180-192. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2009.

Greene, John T. “Bethsaida-Julias in Roman and Jewish military strategies, 66-73 CE.” In Bethsaida: a city by the north shore of the Sea of Galilee, I.203-227. Kirksville, MO: Thomas Jefferson Univ Pr, 1995.

Greene, John T. “The Honorific Naming of Bethsaida-Julias.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, II.307-332. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 1999.

Greene, John T. “Tiglath-Pileser III’s War against the City of Tzer.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, III.63-82. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2004.

Greene, John T. “Urbanism in Galilee: a study of Kinneret, Hazor, Dan, and Tzer in the Iron Age.” In Cities through the looking glass: essays on the history and archaeology of Biblical urbanism, 65-81. Winona Lake, Ind: Eisenbrauns, 2008.

Hess, Richard S. “‘Geshurite’ Onomastica of the Bronze and Iron Ages.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, III.49-62. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2004.

Ingram, Virginia. “David Remains in Jerusalem, and Absalom Flees to Geshur: An Ironic Interpretation.” Chap. 25 In Bethsaida in Archaeology, History and Ancient Culture. A Festschrift in Honor of John T. Greene, edited by J. Harold Ellens, 484-500. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

Jenks, Gregory C. “The quest for the historical Nazareth.” In Bethsaida in Archaeology, History, and Ancient Culture. A Festschrift in Honor of John T. Greene, edited by J. Harold Ellens, 252–67. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

Keel, Othmar. “Appendix III, A Sanctuary of the moon god at the city gate of et-Tell (Bethsaida).” In: Goddess and Trees, 115-120. New Moon and Yahweh, Sheffield, 1999.

Kokkinos, Nikos. “The Foundation of Bethsaida-Julias by Philip the Tetrarch.” Journal of Jewish Studies 59, no. 2 (2008): 236-51.

Kuhn, Heinz Wolfgang, and Rami Arav. “The Bethsaida excavations: historical and archaeological approaches.” In future of early Christianity: essays in honor of Helmut Koester, 77-106. Minneapolis: Fortress Pr, 1991.

Kuhn, Heinz-Wolfgang. “Bethsaida in the Gospels: the feeding story in Luke 9 and the Q saying in Luke 10.” In Bethsaida: a city by the north shore of the Sea of Galilee, I.243-256. Kirksville, Mo: Thomas Jefferson Univ Pr, 1995.

Kuhn, Heinz-Wolfgang. “An Introduction to the Excavations of Bethsaida (et-Tell) from a New Testament Perspective.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, II.283-294. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 1999.

Kuhn, Heinz Wolfgang. “Hinwendung zu den Heiden in Karkusevangelium im Verhaeltnis zu Jesu historischen Wirken in Betsaida mit einem Zwischenbericht zur Ausgrabung auf et-Tell (Betsaida).” In: Die Weite des Mysteriums, Christlische identitaet im Dialog, Fuer Horst Buerke. Frieburg, Basel: Wien, 2000.

Kuhn, Heinz Wolfgang. “Bethsaida in the Gospel of Mark.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, III.115-132. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2004.

Kuhn, Heinz-Wolfgang. “Betsaida Und Et-Tell in Frührömischer Zeit: Historische, Archäologische Und Philologische Probleme Einer Als Wirkungsstätte Jesu Angenommenen Ortslage.” Zeitschrift für die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde Der Älteren Kirche 101, no. 1 (2010): 1-32.

Kuhn, Heinz-Wolfgang. “Betsaida Und Et-Tell in Frührömischer Zeit: Historische, Archäologische Und Philologische Probleme Einer Als Wirkungsstätte Jesu Angenommenen Ortslage.” Zeitschrift für die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und Die Kunde der Älteren Kirche 101, no. 2 (2010): 174-203.

Kuhn, Heinz-Wolfgang. “Revised List of Limestone Vessels Found on Et-Tell (Bethsaida) from 1987–2012.” Chap. 7 In Bethsaida in Archaeology, History and Ancient Culture. A Festschrift in Honor of John T. Greene, edited by J. Harold Ellens, 134-51. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

Liphschitz, Nili. “Archaeobotanical Remains from Bethsaida.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, IV.193-195. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2009.

Liphschitz, Nili. “Archaeobotanical Finds from an Iron Age II Granary at Bethsaida.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, IV.196-199. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2009.

London, Gloria & Robert Shuster. “Bethsaida Iron Age Ceramics.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, II.175-224. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 1999.

McGowan, C. “The problem of the site of Bethsaida.” JPOS 10 (1974-1975): 32-58.

McNamer, Elizabeth. “Medieval Pilgrim Accounts of Bethsaida and the Bethsaida Controversy.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, II.397-412. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 1999.

McNamer, Elizabeth. “Digging up Women: What Did She Do All Day? What Bethsaida Tells Us.” Chap. 9 In Bethsaida in Archaeology, History and Ancient Culture. A Festschrift in Honor of John T. Greene, edited by J. Harold Ellens, 188-202. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

McNamer, Elizabeth. “Philip, Julia, and the Imperial Cult.” Chap. 13 In Bethsaida in Archaeology, History and Ancient Culture. A Festschrift in Honor of John T. Greene, edited by J. Harold Ellens, 242-51. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

Miglio, Adam. “A Comparative Political History: Israel, Geshur and the ‘Amurrite Age’.” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament (Online) 38, no. 4 (2014): 439-51.

Na’aman, Nadav. “The Kingdom of Geshur in History and Memory.” Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament 26, no. 1 (2012): 88-101.

Na’aman, Nadav. “The Fortified Cities of the Ṣiddim (Joshua 19:35).” Biblische Notizen 160 (2014) 59-76.

Notley, R. Steven. “Et-Tell is not Bethsaida.” Near Eastern Archaeology 70, no. 4 (December 2007): 220-230.

Notley, R. Steven. “Reply to Arav.” Near Eastern Archaeology 74, no. 2 (June 2011): 101-103.

Nun, Mendel. “Has Bethsaida finally been found?” Jerusalem Perspective 54 (1998): 12-31.

Pakkala, Juha. “The Methodological Hazards in Reconstructing the So-Called Kingdom of Geshur.” Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament 27, no. 2 (2013): 226-46.

Pixner, Bargil. “Searching for the New Testament Site of Bethsaida.” The Biblical Archaeologist 48, no. 4 (December 1985): 207-216.

Robinson, Edward. Biblical researches in Palestine. Boston: Crocker & Brewster, 1841. (2nd ed. enlarged, 1856) [Palästina und die südlich angrenzenden Länder: Tagebuch einer Reise im Jahre 1838 in Bezug auf die biblische Geographie unternommen von E. Robinson und E. Smith. Halle: Verlag der Buchhandlung des Waisenhauses, 1841]

Roddy, Nicolae. Review of T. Haettner-Blomquist, Gates and Gods: Cults in the City Gates of Iron Age Palestine—An Investigation of the Archaeological and Biblical Sources. Journal of Biblical Literature 121.2 (2002) 343-46.

Roddy, Nicolae. “Antichrist of Bethsaida.”  In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee.  edited by Rami  Arav and Richard A. Freund, III. 273-94. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University Press, 2004.

Roddy, Nicolae. “Perforated tripodal vessels at Iron II Bethsaida-Tzer.” Biblische Notizen 141, (2009): 91-100.

Roddy, Nicolae.“Săpăturile arheologice de la et-Tell / Betsaida”  (“The Archaeological Excavations at et-Tell / Bethsaida”), Danubius 33 (2015): 233-40 (in Romanian).

Roddy, Nicolae. “Bethsaida.” Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity, B. J. Lietaert Peerbolte and P. van Geest, eds., Leiden: Brill (forthcoming).

Rottloff, Andrea. “Hellenistic Roman and Islamic Glass from Bethsaida (Iulias, Israel).” In: Annaes du 14e congres, International Association for the History of Glass, Milano 1998, pp. 142-146.

Rottloff, Andrea. “Pre-Roman, Roman, and Islamic Glass from Bethsaida.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, IV.204-251. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2009.

Rousseau, John J. “The impact of the Bethsaida finds on our knowledge of the historical Jesus.” Society Of Biblical Literature Seminar Papers34, (1995 1995): 187-207.

Rousseau, John J. “The healing of a blind man at Bethsaida.” In Bethsaida: a city by the north shore of the Sea of Galilee, I.257-266. Kirksville, Mo: Thomas Jefferson Univ Pr, 1995.

Savage, Carl E. “Bethsaida during the Roman Period.” In: Fussbeck, Fortner, Rottloff, Zangenberg, (eds), Leben Am See Genesert. Philip von Zabern Verlag, 2003.

Savage, Carl E. “The Leshem Inscription.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, IV.125-135. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2009.

Savage, Carl E. “Philip’s city: from Bethsaida to Julias.” The Catholic Biblical Quarterly 74, no. 4 (October 2012): 831-832.

Savage, Carl. “The Sacred Precinct at the Gate.” Chap. 3 In Bethsaida in Archaeology, History and Ancient Culture. A Festschrift in Honor of John T. Greene, edited by J. Harold Ellens, 47-62. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

Schoenwetter, James, Patrick S. Geyer,. “Implications of Archaeological Palynology at Bethsaida, Israel.” Journal of Field Archaeology, vol. 27, no. 1 (Spring 2000): 63-73.

Shroder, John. “The geology of the North Sea of Galilee.” In: Fussbeck, Fortner, Rottloff, Zangenberg, (ed), Leben Am See Genesert. Philip von Zabern Verlag, 2003.

Shroder, John F. “Response to Notley’s comments.” Near Eastern Archaeology 74, no. 2 (June 2011): 100-101.

Shroder, John F., Michael P. Bishop, Kevin J. Cornwell, Moshe Inbar. “Catastrophic Geomorphic Processes and Bethsaida Archaeology, Israel.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, II.115-174. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 1999.

Shroder, John F, and Moshe Inbar. “Geologic and geographic background to the Bethsaida excavations.” In Bethsaida: a city by the north shore of the Sea of Galilee, 65-98. Kirksville, Mo: Thomas Jefferson Univ Pr, 1995.

Shroder, John F., Harry D. Jol, and Philip P. Reeder. “El Araj as Bethsaida: Spatial and Temporal Improbabilities.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, IV.293-309. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2009.

Shuster, Robert. “Petrographic Analysis of a Hippo Jar from the Storage Room of the Stratum V City Gate.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, IV.123-124. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2009.

Skupinska-Lovset, Ilona. “Cult of Astarte in Bethsaida and Kinneret.” Chap. 4 In Bethsaida in Archaeology, History and Ancient Culture. A Festschrift in Honor of John T. Greene, edited by J. Harold Ellens, 63-83. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

Skupinska-Lovset, Ilona. “Phoenician Presence in Bethsaida.” Chap. 10 In Bethsaida in Archaeology, History and Ancient Culture. A Festschrift in Honor of John T. Greene, edited by J. Harold Ellens, 203-14. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

Smith, Mark D. “A Tale of Two Julias: Julia, Julias, and Josephus.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, II.333-346. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 1999.

Smith, Mark D. “Bethsaida in the Natural History of Pliny the Elder.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, III.83-92. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2004.

Smith, Mark D. “Eusebius of Caesarea and the Fate of Bethsaida.” In Bethsaida: A City by the North Shore of the Sea of Galilee, edited by Rami Arav and Richard A. Freund, III.253-272. Kirksville, MO: Truman State University, 2004.

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Strickert, Frederick M. “Josephus’ reference to Julia, Caesar’s daughter: Jewish Antiquities 18.27-28.” Journal Of Jewish Studies 53, no. 1 (2002): 27-34.

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Strickert, Frederick M. “The Founding of the City of Julias by the Tetrarch Philip in 30 CE.” Journal of Jewish Studies 61, no. 2 (2010): 220-33.

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Strickert, Frederick M. “A Fresh Analysis of Josephus’ Portrayal of Herodias, Wife of Herod’s Sons.” Chap. 20 In Bethsaida in Archaeology, History and Ancient Culture. A Festschrift in Honor of John T. Greene, edited by J. Harold Ellens, 360-94. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014.

Tessaro [Fisher], Toni. “Hellenistic and Roman ceramic cooking ware from Bethsaida.” In Bethsaida: a city by the north shore of the Sea of Galilee, I.127-139. Kirksville, Mo: Thomas Jefferson Univ Pr, 1995.


Video

Bethsaida, Israel—Take a Tour of Current Excavations (20 January 2012)

Go on a behind-the-scenes tour of the excavations at Bethsaida, Israel with Biblical Archaeology Review. The excavation reveals numerous insights into the life and times of Jesus and is also one of Israel’s top archaeology field schools.

3-D Model of 8C Bethsaida City Gates

Computer model (created by Nic Birt) of the ancient city of Bethsaida in Israel based on the research of Bethsaida Archaeology.

Bethsaida Excavations: Twenty years of excavating Bethsaida (19 May 2016)

Bethsaida: Capital of the Forgotten Biblical Kingdom of Geshur (1 June 2016)

The Secrets of Bethsaida (June 2012)

The Documentary film, The Secrets of Bethsaida, was filmed in Bethsaida in June 2012 – while the Expedition from 5 different universities coming from all over the world – led by Professor Rami Arav (currently a professor in the Department of Philosophy and Religion at the University of Nebraska, Omaha). Together with Prof. Arav, the film meets with some of the most important New Testament scholars from Australia, Canada and the USA and seeks to understand about the mystrey around Bethsaida, about the secrets that are still buried under the mount, and about the great discoveries made in the last 25 years since Bethsaida was first excavated. Together with the beautiful landscapes of the sea of Galilee, the Golan Heights and the Galilee; the movie will be a great experience for the fans of archaeology, geography, history, and obviously to millions of Christians from all over the world.
http://www.bethsaida.tv


Web Links

BiblePlaces: Bethsaida (includes links to additional sites)

Text and Tell: The Excavations at Bethsaida (14 September 2012)

The Bethsaida Excavations Project (CenturyOne Foundation, 2004)

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